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Information Literacy: Learning and Instruction

The ACRL (2000) refers to Information literacy as a lifelong learning process (IFLA, 2006), involving the formal development of the following critical stages/skills of a person’s knowledge development:

  • Determine/define the extent of information needed
  • Access the information effectively and efficiently (strategy)
  • Evaluate information and its sources critically
  • Incorporate into one’s knowledge base
  • Use information to accomplish a specific purpose
  • Understand economic, legal, and ethical issues

Information Literacy

The ITU library works with faculty in the following ways, to help you develop this critical skill set:

  • National Standards: Librarians and faculty, develop a curriculum that is based on a highly research and regarded national framework and set of information literacy standards and best practices recommended for higher education.
  • Learning Outcomes: The Information Literacy Value Rubric (AACU 2016) is used by faculty and librarians to make sure that Information literacy objectives are identified, mapped, taught and evaluated within course units as well as through the library, library website and other tools.
  • Teacher Training & Awareness: Training programs and workshops for faculty about how to teach information literacy skills within their course units, in their proper context, e.g. Teaching Information Literacy Workshop (June 2016) Example: see Business Information Resources Workshop
  • Learning Materials & Resources: The library develops “templates” for lessons that teach the various information literacy skills, e.g. Defining the research question.
  • Library-based workshops: Workshops, presentations and webinars on key information literacy topics, e.g. Research skills introduction, Intermediate research skills, Evaluating information sources, Copyright, Plagiarism & Ethical Use.
  • Library Website: Staff-reviewed and recommended resources for information literacy (below).

Information Literacy: Recommended Resources by Skill

The following carefully reviewed resources will help you develop your information literacy skill set, from identifying and refining research tasks, to communicating the results effectively and ethically to the desired audience, in the correct format.

Each of the following skills will be increasingly required as information and data become more abundant. As well as attending advertised workshops, and completing information literacy tasks during your coursework, you should consult at least two resources in each “research” area in the following list. You should also make time to consult with the librarian about information literacy skills such as APA citation, checking for plagiarism, etc.

Recommended Resource


1. Understand Why Information Literacy is Important
ITU Introduction to Information Literacy (PDF)Download PPT Slides (PDF)
Information Literacy Why Is It Important (ACRL)Video produced by the ACRL
5 Components of Information LiteracyVideo produced by Seminole State Library, 2014
Digital & Information Literacy in Undergraduate TeachingLondon School of Economics, 2015
Why can't I just Google?A humorous video by RMIT, Melbourne, 2010
Eli Pariser: Beware online "filter bubbles"Video talk about internet ethics and information quality
2. Determine Extent of Information Needed
ITU Introduction to Information Literacy (PDF)Download PPT Slides (PDF)
Developing a Research QuestionVideo produced by Steely Library NKY, 2014
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. LibraryStep-by-step approach to successful research
Determining Our Information NeedsThe Knowledge Network for Innovations in Learning and Teaching (KNILT)
3. Access Information Effectively and Efficiently
The Research Cycle (Identify problem & break it down)University of Maryland
The Research CycleKNILT
Research Process Overview (Five Steps)New Hampshire Institute of Art
Choose the Best Search for Your InfoNoodletools
Using Advanced Search TechniquesKNILT
Search Strategies, Boolean Operators, Wildcards & Search EnginesNew Hampshire Institute of Art
Georgia Tech: Finding Raw DataGeorgia Tech Library
Willamette University: Scholarly vs. PopularWillamette University Library

4. Critically Evaluate Information
Primary vs. Secondary ResourcesUniversity of CA, Santa Cruz
Virginia Tech Library [Research] TutorialsInformation literacy: various skills
Credible websitesDetailed video by Hartness Library CCV/Vermont Tech, 2012
Determine Website CredibilityVideo produced by Mike Slowinski, 2011 (xtranormal)
Evaluating Information SourcesUniversity of British Columbia
Evaluating information: CriteriaJohn Hopkins Sheridan Libraries
Willamette University: Scholarly vs. PopularWillamette University Library

5. Communicate Findings: Citation Tools
ITU ESL Writing Center and ESL (email)
International Technological University (ITU)
Paraphrasing and Note-takingNew Hampshire Institute of Art
Dartmouth College Videos for Student SuccessVideos about note-taking, time management, etc.
Writing Center: Graduate Writing ResourcesPortland State University Writing Center
Johnson & Wales University APA Style Guide and J&W APA ExamplesComprehensive guide to using the APA style guide
Purdue’s APA Style Guides & ExamplesUniversity of Antelope Valley, CA
Wikipedia's comprehensive comparison of reference management softwareCompares scores of personal referencing tools
Virginia Tech Library Research TutorialsLearning resources focused on information literacy
6. Understand Copyright, Plagiarism, & Ethical Use
ALA Copyright ToolsRecommended by American Library Association
Plagiarism.orgNon-profit comprehensive guide to plagiarism
QUT Cite/Write and QUT APA Converter
Qld University of Technology, Australia
Student’s guide to copyright & fair useUniversity of Illinois
Copyright or wrong: a brief guide to copyright imagesYouTube Video by Kyle Stedman
Virginia Tech Library: PlagiarismPresentation about avoiding plagiarism
LIS 665 Information Literacy Copyright Fair UseProduced by Powtoon Video (by Kim Allman)
UAV’s Links to Plagiarism ResourcesUniversity of Antelope Valley, CA
Copyright Basics for the GraduateUniversity of Oregon Website
U.S. Copyright OfficeEverything to know about copyright & fair use
References & Bibliography

Last modified: February 23, 2017